Plumbers for Nature Research

Not a single known species of butterfly or moth has been driven to extinction in India so far.
Only one Indian bird species, the Pink-headed Duck, is believed to be extinct. It was last recorded in 1935. It used to spend its winters in the forests and swamps at the foot of the Himalaya and summers on the lakes and ponds of northern India. Destruction of its habitat is believed to be a major reason for its probable extinction. It was always rather rare.
Another rare bird, the Mountain Quail, is only known from near Mussoorie and Nainital in Uttaranchal. It suddenly appeared in the year 1865 in Mussoorie, when Kenneth Mackinnon, a hunter/naturalist who lived in the area, shot and skinned a pair. One of these skins was sent to the Zoological Society in London. Captain Hutton, another resident of Mussoorie, reported that a flock of these birds suddenly appeared near his house and stayed from November 1867 to the summer of 1868.Another hunter shot one of a pair of these birds on Laria Kanta near Nainital in 1876. Nothing else is known about these birds. From the above, it seems reasonable to assume that these birds were not residents but migrated from somewhere else and subsequently returned there. If we consider that the little Blue Quail migrates from Central Asia to India and back every year, it is reasonable to assume that the Mountain Quail, too, is/was capable of travelling such a distance or even further.
The cheetah is the only mammal that is known to have been driven to extinction in India.
The most recently discovered frog is Philautus nerostagona, which was described in 2005 by S.D. Biju and F. Bossuyt from Karnataka, where it lives in the canopy of trees.




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